FAQs

What is FEMA?

The mission of the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) Public Assistance (PA) Grant Program is to provide assistance to State, Tribal and local governments, and certain types of Private Nonprofit organizations so that communities can quickly respond to and recover from major disasters or emergencies declared by the President.

Through the PA Program, FEMA provides supplemental Federal disaster grant assistance for debris removal, emergency protective measures, and the repair, replacement, or restoration of disaster-damaged, publicly owned facilities and the facilities of certain Private Non-Profit (PNP) organizations. The PA Program also encourages protection of these damaged facilities from future events by providing assistance for hazard mitigation measures during the recovery process.

The Federal share of assistance is not less than 75% of the eligible cost for emergency measures and permanent restoration. The grantee (usually the State) determines how the non-Federal share (up to 25%) is split with the sub-grantees (eligible applicants).

How does FEMA get involved in a State disaster?
Once a disaster has occurred, and the State has declared a state of emergency, the State will evaluate the recovery capabilities of the State and local governments. If it is determined that the damage is beyond their recovery capability, the governor will normally send a request letter to the President, directed through the Regional Director of the appropriate FEMA region. The President then makes the decision whether or not to declare a major disaster or emergency.

After a presidential declaration has been made, FEMA will designate the area eligible for assistance and announce the types of assistance available. FEMA provides supplemental assistance for State and local government recovery expenses, and the Federal share will always be at least 75% of the eligible costs.

What do I (the Sub-grantee) have to do to participate in the Preliminary Damage Assessment (PDA) process?

  • Identify the damaged sites for the federal and state FEMA teams carefully revealing any environmental or historical issues that may be present
  • Outline any insurance coverage to the FEMA teams
  • Quantify and qualify any immediate expenditures for emergency work for debris removal and emergency protective measures. This information may be used to provide expedited funding, if a declaration is declared for the area.

What is NFIP?

NFIP stands for the National Flood Insurance Program. This federal program provides reasonably priced insurance that cover catastrophic flooding. The NFIP is operated under the auspices of the Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA).

How do I protect against flooding?

To be pro-active, start by reviewing the area’s flood zone and become familiar with the threat of flooding. Mitigation and preparation of a disaster plan are the best strategies to protect facilities and assets from flooding.

What good does a Disaster Recovery Plan do?

Straightforwardly – it prepares you ahead of time to avoid the risk of damage from natural disasters. However, when unprecedented impact creates damages that render facilities, infrastructures and materials inoperable, a disaster recovery plan will enhance funding opportunities, support effective and efficient recovery and make a tremendous difference in the speed of the recovery. Your plan will guide you through all the processes you need to do to get things going again. When the panic of the emergency meets your reasoning power, things just don’t seem to run smoothly. Many decisions are made in haste, for the moment, not in contemplation of how they will work in the future. Your well thought out Disaster Recovery Plan will have been completed beforehand, when all the possibilities can be well thought out and logical, rational decisions made. When the time comes that you need the plan, you can rest assured that all you have to do is follow the instructions within. Call us now to begin your plan – then you can rest easy knowing that it is all done in advance, just in case.